Bru Refugee Agreement

Indigenous people in Mizoram have been living in makeshift camps in Tripura since 1997, after ethnic violence in Mizoram led to the eviction of about 5,000 Bru families. The agreement is part of the central government`s ongoing efforts to help two national governments rehabilitate Bru since 2010. To date, about 2,000 families have returned to Mizoram, while many have sought to settle in Mizoram, Tripura, due to fears about their safety. The agreement between Bru`s leaders and the governments of India, Tripura and Mizoram, signed on January 16 in New Delhi, gives Bru the choice to live in both states. In several ways, the agreement has redefined the way internal displacement is treated in India. Union Home Minister Amit Shah with Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb (right) and Mizoram CM Zoramthanga (left) at the signing, on January 16, 2020, of an agreement on the permanent settlement of 40,000 displaced Bru tribes in Tripura, New Delhi, on January 16, 2020. | Photo: PTI Beneficiaries will receive housing allowances, but the Land government will build its houses and hand over the property. They will be moved in four poles to relocation locations, paving the way for the closure of temporary warehouses within 180 days of signing the agreement. All homes are built within 270 days and payments are completed. Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb said he hoped to complete the process sooner in six months. The agreement was signed in the presence of the Minister of the Interior, Mr. Amit Shah, Prime Ministers of Tripura and Mizoram, Bru representatives and senior officials. Under the agreement, some 34,000 refugees from Bru will be settled in Tripura, with the centre providing a set of around 600 crore for their settlement and development.

Bru-Reangs can now settle in the state of Tripura under the agreement signed on 17 January 2020 between the Indian government, the two national governments and representatives of Bru-Reangs. They will receive all the possibilities of central government and state programs like other people in Tripura. To end the refugee crisis in 23-year-old Bru Reang, an agreement known as the Bru Reang Agreement was signed. In June 2018, Bru leaders in Delhi signed an agreement with the centre and the two national governments providing for repatriation to Mizoram. Most camp residents, however, rejected the “insufficient” terms of the agreement. Only 328 families returned to Mizoram, making the trial unnecessary. Campers said the package did not guarantee their safety in Mizoram and feared a repeat of the violence that forced them to flee.

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